How to Buy a Paris Apartment

A new wave of companies catering to Americans and a vibrant real estate market are turning the City of Light into a turnkey experience.

Real estate: the ultimate souvenir. Who during a vacation doesn’t dream of owning a Tuscan villa, a Greek island, a French Quarter townhouse? (Well, that was several years ago.) During a business trip to Paris in 2004, my eye was lured to the window of a real estate agent’s office. A one-bedroom apartment for $350,000? The wheels began to turn.

Within a year, as the dollar continued to tank and the Paris market was enjoying a bulle (bubble), I was able to get serious—although apartments under $375,000 were not very common. I fell in love with Montmartre for its villagelike character and excellent shopping, as well as the Ninth Arrondissement for its stately residential calm and the gourmet food on Rue des Martyrs. I soon began searching the addictive classified sites Explorimmo.com and Seloger.com, which a Parisian friend told me is the best way to see everything on the market. I also looked in the trendy Marais quarter but realized that 17th-century beams—and hordes of tourists—weren’t my thing. The prices in Montmartre were gentler compared with the in-demand arrondissements, like the tony Sixth, Seventh, and Eighth, and the hip Third and Fourth, where prices for a 500-square-foot one-bedroom start at around $700,000* and can go up to, say, $140 million for a hôtel particulier on Rue de l’Université.

Although I’d majored in French lit­erature and spent my "year as a broad," as my father dubbed it, in Paris, I soon found that real estate French was a whole new game. By the time I was ready to schedule viewings, my stock phrase was "Parquet, moulures, cheminée" (wood floors, moldings, fireplace): all part of my Haussmannian vision. I quickly learned to ask how recently the building had been reroofed and ravalé (cleaned and repointed), if there were plans to install an elevator—all charges that are divided among the occupants—and if the bedroom was on the street or courtyard side.

Between broker appointments, dur­ing which I learned that places that look great on the Web could be rather triste in person, I stopped into an agency on Rue Caulaincourt to ask about some of its offerings. Soon I was on the fifth-floor balcony of the most charming (little) apartment, looking out over all of the city on a rare clear day and wondering how my boyfriend and I could make this happen.

In the end it was both simpler and more difficult than I expected. Buying in Paris is fairly easy for Americans since there’s no such thing as board approval, and the standard down payment is only 5 per­cent to 10 percent. If you deposit 20 percent in an investment account, certain banks will provide 100 percent financing and renovation loans. Mortgages from French banks have become easier to get in recent years, because of increased competition from international banks (rates are generally between 4 percent and 5 percent). With prices, annual taxes, and fees that seem tiny compared to those in Manhattan and London, "Paris is the last affordable big destination city there is," says Carol Polakoff, who sells fully loaded pieds-à-terre through her com­pany, DPF Holding. "There’s still an overwhelming number of Americans who want to buy here, even with the weak dollar." And with an average yearly appreciation of 10 percent, things look better still. (Note: Don’t buy to flip. If the apartment is sold within five years, the capital gains tax is 33.3 percent. It decreases annually for the next ten years.)

Securing the apartment can be a relative cinch, and it doesn’t require your being there. But before you buy, consider renting in the neighborhood during tourist season—what seems quiet in November could be hell in July. Once you’re set, you can have the initial sale contract notarized at a French consulate in the United States. But then there’s the process of navigating the system—the closing is handled by a notaire, a state-registered real estate lawyer who, between his fee and transfer taxes, collects around 6 percent of the selling price and can represent both the buyer and the seller. You’ll also have to deal with contracts in 18th-century legalese as well as try to wrap your head around French inheritance law, which is state-mandated: Every child, even from previous marriages, is ensured an equal share and American wills are not honored. Also, upon the death of a spouse, the survivor is required to pay a 20 per­cent inheritance tax based on the property’s value. Forming a société civile immobilière, equivalent to incorporating, can alleviate this. In other words, hiring an English-speaking lawyer is key.

I had help from a great fixer, Annaliese Ellidge, who translated contracts and set up my electricity and insurance accounts. She also found me a painter, plumber, and locksmith. When hiring workers on your own, remember that it’s almost impossible to fire people in France. Also, emergency services (say, plumbing) are practically nonexistent, so unless you get a property manager, your vacation time could be spent doing repairs. "It’s essential to have someone you trust to go through the process with you," says Kathleen Murphy, who had assistance from Parisian friends when buying her 17th-century carriage house in St.-Germain, which she rents out when she’s not there. And it’s natural to want to rent out your place, but be advised that any profit earned through this is taxable, even if you’re a nonresident. More critical, however, do not get French tenants—depending on the type of lease, they may have the right to indefinite occupation.

Top-tier buyers are increasingly using companies such as Just France Sales or high-end real estate agents like Emile Garcin and Daniel Féau, which find the apartment, hold your hand through the closing, and do everything from setting up cable to decorating, a popular option among investors who just want to show up and find their favorite Diptyque candle burning. Expect to pay these fixers handsomely, with apartments starting at about $850,000 for 500 square feet near the Luxembourg Gar­dens. Agencies like Garcin specialize in de­­sirable properties such as a 4,500-square-foot residence on the Place Victor Hugo.

Those who choose to renovate from afar have their own issues, from managing contractors to meddlesome neighbors. "If I hadn’t had a French architect, I don’t know what I would have done," says Barbara Howard. After gutting her 17th-century pied-à-terre in the Fifth Arrondissement, she was hassled by her next-door neighbor, who believed her renovation wasn’t historically accurate enough. Neighbor van­quished, Howard now finds bliss on her terrace three times a year. Her only regret? "I would have bought a smaller couch," she says.

For me, the hardest thing was waiting the standard 60 days to close. Or maybe it was hoping the dollar would rally before I wired the money. But when I’m sitting on the balcony, I can’t imagine a better lifetime investment. As Howard says, "Once you’ve lived in Paris, part of your heart is there."

Très Chic

Emile Garcin

33-1/42-61-73-38; 33-1/40-73-84-48; emilegarcin.com

Place Des Etats-Unis

Location: Eighth Arrondissement, near the Avenue Montaigne

Key Features: A 6,450-square-foot top-floor apartment with an expansive view

Other: Parking included

Price: $30 million

Rue Vieille du Temple

Location: Fourth Arrondissement, near the Picasso Museum and the Place des Vosges

Key Features: 4,370-square-foot apartment in an 18th-century hôtel particulier

Other: The apartment has a 1,000-square-foot garden and comes with parking.

Price: $13.8 million

Rue Du Pere Guerin

Location: 13th Arrondissement, in the charming Butte aux Cailles quarter

Key Features: A 1,500-square-foot, three-floor private house in perfect condition. Stairwell area has multistory windows and a glass roof for a solarium effect.

Other: Laundry in basement and parking available for rent

Price: $1.48 million

Daniel Feau

33-1/53-23-81-81; feau-immobilier.fr

Avenue de Friedland

Location: Eighth Arrondissement, near the Arc de Triomphe

Key Features: A four-bedroom apartment, built around 1900, completely renovated and modernized, with a Boffi kitchen

Other: Views onto treelined streets

Price: $3.4 million

Villa Molitor

Location: 16th Arrondissement

Key Features: A 10,700-square-foot free-standing house from the early 20th century, with nearly an acre of landscaped grounds

Other: Terraces, outbuildings (including a caretaker’s cottage), and garages

Price: Upon request

Place Des Vosges

Location: Fourth Arrondissement, in the Marais, on one of the oldest squares in the city

Key Features: 1,765-square-foot duplex apartment in an old private mansion. Cobblestoned courtyard, exposed wood beams, fireplaces.

Other: The building has an elevator and the apartment comes with two basement storage spaces.

Price: $3 million

Parc Monceau

Location: 17th Arrondissement

Key Features: A three-floor, five-bedroom private house from the late 19th century, with an elevator

Other: An 860-square-foot garden and two parking spaces

Price: $7.4 million

Sotheby’s

33-1/42-44-24-00 or 33-1/44-94-99-80; sothebysrealty.com

Rue De Verneuil

Location: Seventh Arrondissement, in the heart of St.-Germain-des-Prés

Key Features: 800-square-foot apartment with a living room, dining room, study, and fully equipped kitchen

Other: A private, treelined terrace

Price: $1.3 million

Quai Des Jemmapes

Location: Tenth Arrondissement, in the hip Canal St.-Martin neighborhood

Key Features: 1,500-square-foot four-floor apartment with three bedrooms, on the corner of a 19th-century building

Other: The living room has a working fireplace. Master suite has walk-in closet.

Price: $1.75 million

Rue du Faubourg St.-Honore

Location: Eighth Arrondissement, near the Champs Elysées KEY FEATURES: A 9,000-square-foot three-floor townhouse with a private garden and terrace

Other: Five-car garage

Price: $24 million

Americans in Paris

Companies that specifically cater to U.S. buyers, such as the following, are often well worth the expense. They provide a variety of services, among them helping buyers navigate Paris’s large for-sale-by-owner market, serving as proxies at closings, and offering properties that have been gutted and fully renovated.

Names to Know

A + B Kasha

33-1/45-44-08-10; abkasha.com

Abodes Abroad & Associates

718-599-8805; abodesabroad.net

Demeures Parisiennes

demeures-parisiennes.com

DPF Holding

33-1/40-26-10-87; yourplaceinparis.com

Just France Sales

610-407-9633; justfrancesales.com

My Home in Paris

33-1/49-96-60-80; myhomeinparis.com

Paris Real Estate Finders

33-1/53-21-98-44; parisrealestatefinders.com

English-Speaking Lawyers

French real estate laws are complicated and can vary greatly from those in America. An attorney who can explain things clearly to a buyer is vital.

Alexis Agoguet

33-1/53-23-94-22; aagoguet@agoguet-avocats.fr; agoguet-avocats.fr

Jonathan Eastwood

33-1/47-23-37-08; jonathan.eastwood@wanadoo.fr

English-Speaking Fixer

A veteran of the Paris real estate world can help where your broker or lawyer can’t, assisting you in navigating everything from contracts to contractors.

Annaliese Ellidge

33-6/61-72-99-16; ellidge.annaliese@neuf.fr

Notaire

No deal is done until the notaire gives it the stamp of approval. Notaires generally represent both the seller and the buyer.

Jérôme Le Breton, Le Breton & Associés

33-1/44-11-12-13; jerome.lebreton@paris.notaires.fr; jeromelebreton.com